At Home in Japan: What No One Tells You
Reference Guide

Part 1: The Cultural Child
Part 2: What You Have to Know to Grow
Part 3: Growing Pains. . . and Gains
Part 1: The Cultural Child

Module 1, Module 2.1, 2.2, Module 3.1, 3.2
1. Barry, Dave. “Failing to learn Japanese in Only Five Minutes", in Dave Barry Does Japan. Ballantine Books, 1992. The entire book is useful.
2. Hess, Daniel J. The Whole World Guide to Culture Learning. Intercultural Press, 1994. A very readable book about cultural-learning abroad, filled with examples, practical advice, and questions to think about.
2. Yoshikawa Muneo. “Some Japanese and American Characteristics”, in Prosse Michael H. The Cultural Dialogue: An Introduction to Intercultural Communication. SIETAR International, 1985.
3. Seelye, H. Ned. Teaching Culture: Strategies for Intercultural Communication. NTC/Contemporary Publishing Company, 1984. A guide for teaching approaches to culture, especially useful in language classes.
4. Crosstalk, produced by John J. Gumperz, first broadcast on BBC television, in May 1, 1979. A great classic on language and social miscommunication. From a series entitled Multi-Racial Britain, which confronted the issue of workplace miscommunication. Segment available at:

Module 3.3 Homestay Check Lists
1. Host Family Questionnaire Responses. IES Tokyo Center, 2001-02, 2002-03 (unpublished).The content of the Host Family Check List was largely compiled from this collection of host family questionnaire responses. The questionnaires were administered to all the host families who participated in the homestay program during the academic years above. (Most ofthe study abroad students at this Center participated in homestays.) The questionnaire results were then analyzed and summarized in the form we used for the check lists.
2. Hansel, Bettina.The Exchange Student Survival Kit. Intercultural Press, Inc., 1993. This book was compiled for high school exchange students by the American Field Service (AFS). It is a very readable and valuable guide.
Part 2: What You Have to Know to Grow

Module 4: Tatemae/Honne
4.1 Wrapping
1. Hendry, Joy. Wrapping Culture: Politeness, Presentation and Power in Japan and Other Societies. Oxford University Press, 1993. A comprehensive and readable discussion of the dimensions of wrapping presented in Modules 4, 5.
2. A shorter treatment of wrapping, also by Joy Hendry is "Humidity, Hygiene, or Ritual Care: Some Thoughts on Wrapping as a Social Phenomenon", in Ben-Ari, Eyal, Brian Moeran, and James Valentine, eds. Unwrapping Japan: Society and Culture in Anthropological Perspective. University of Hawaii Press, 1990.
3. Bachnik, Jane. "Introduction" in Jane Bachnik and Charles Quinn,eds. Situated Meaning: Inside and Outside in Japanese Self, Society, and Language. Princeton University Press, 1994.

4.2 Being a Guest
1. Befu, Harumi. "An Ethnography of Dinner Entertainment in Japan", in Lebra Takie. Japanese Culture and Behavior. University of Hawaii Press, 1986.
2. Hamabata, Matthews. “Boundaries”, (Chapter 1) in Crested Kimono: Power and Love in the Japanese Business Family. Cornell University Press, 1990.
3. Bernstein, Gail Lee. “Entering the Community“ in Haruko’s World. Stanford University Press, 1983.
4. Bachnik, Jane. Omote/Ura: Indexes and the organization of Self and Society in Japan, Comparative Social Research 11:239-262. JAI Press Inc., 1989.

4.3 Watch Out for That...!
1. Collins, Robert J. Max Danger: The Adventures of an Expat in Tokyo. Tuttle Publishing, 1987.
2. Doi, Takeo. "Tatemae and Honne", (Chapter 2), in The Anatomy of Self: The Individual Versus Society. Kodansha International, 1986. All of this book, by a well-known psychiatrist, is relevant.

Module 5: Uchi/Soto
5.1 Being Outside: Uchi/Soto Distinctions
1. You can find more video clips like those in Module 5.1 in Japanese: The Spoken Language, an Interactive CD-ROM Program by Mari Noda, Yale University Press, 1998.This CD-ROM Program is based on the first volume of a 3-volume series under the same title by Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, (Yale University Press, 1987-1990). The language approach in Japanese: The Spoken Language pays considerable attention to the social and cultural contexts of Japanese, and is very compatible with this web tutorial.
2. Wetzel, Patricia J. Keigo in Modern Japan: Polite Language from Meiji to the Present. University of Hawaii Press, 2004.
3. Wetzel, Patricia J."Uchi and soto (in-group and out-group): Social Deixis in Japanese." Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, 1984.
4. Mizutani, Osamu and Nobuko Mizutani. How to Be Polite in Japanese. The Japan Times, 1987.
5. Bachnik, Jane. "Being in the Group" in Rethinking Japan, Vol.II. Adriana Boscaro, Franco Gatti, Massimo Raveri, eds. St. Martin's Press, 1990.

5.2 Country House, 5.3 City House, 5.4 Where to Put the Guests?
1. Hendry, Joy. “The Wrapping of Space”, (Chapter 6) in Wrapping Culture, (cited in Module 4.1) also discusses this subject.
2. The house design for the "Country House" first appeared in Bachnik, Jane. "Time, Space, and Person in Japanese Relationships", in Interpreting Japanese Society: Anthropological Approaches Joy Hendry and Jonathan webber, eds, Oxford, JASO, 1986, p. 64. The house designs also appeared and were discussed in Bachnik 1992 [(2) above], 1989 (See Module 5.1 refs), 1994 (See Module 4.1 refs).
3. Ueda, Atsushi. The Inner Harmony of the Japanese House. Kodansha International, 1990.
4. Suzuki, Koichi. Tokyo: A Certain Style, Chronicle Books LLC, 1999. (U.S.) Kyoto Shoin Co. Ltd, 1997. (Japan) gives a photographic tour of Tokyo apartments, including the lived-in clutter.
5. Egenter, Nold. "The Japanese House".

Module 6: Uchi
6.1 From 'I' to 'Uchi''

As Charles J. Quinn, Jr., a professor of Japanese at The Ohio State University, suggests: "If we think in terms of a baseball diamond, 'I' works something like the speaker's "home base" in English. "Home base" is the here-and-now for the speaker. It also is home base for the words anchored by 'I' in Flash 2 in Module 6.1. The other bases (1st, 2nd, 3rd) are named in relation to home base, just as first, second, and third persons are named in relation to the speaker's home base. The individual can "move around the bases" in a conversation by his presence (or absence) in the conversation in relation to the home base speaker, but s/he always returns to home base when speaking. 'I' can sometimes be enlarged to include others besides the speaker (when s/he refers to him/herself along with others as 'we'). But in English and languages from the same cultural sphere, 'I' (as an individual) is the basic default way of referring to the speaker's home base."
  "This means that uchi is an anchorpoint inhabited by more than one person, which makes uchi a different kind of home base than that for'I'. Here the inhabitants are long-term, rather than constantly shifting around the conversational baseball diamond." (personal communication)

2. Jorden, Eleanor H. "Linguistic Fraternization: A guide for the gaijin", in Proceedings of the Symposium on Japanese Sociolinguistics, 103-23. University of Hawaii, 1977.
3. Stephen P. Nussbaum made these observations during a personal conversation in the fall of 1996.
4. Wetzel, Patricia J. “A Movable Self: The Linguistic Indexing of Uchi and Soto”, in Situated Meaning: Inside and Outside in Japanese Self, Society and Language, Jane Bachnik, and Charles J. Quinn, Jr., eds. Princeton University Press, 1994. This article discusses uchi as a conversation anchorpoint, including the use of 'I'-words in Japanese versus English. It is valuable for anyone who is serious about learning Japanese.
5. Hendry, Joy. “The World View Presented to the Child”, in Becoming Japanese: The World of the Preschool Child. University of Hawaii Press, 1986.
6. For more information on uchi organization see Bachnik, Jane. Chapters 1 & 6, especially pp. 155-57, in Jane Bachnik and Charles Quinn,eds. Situated Meaning: Inside and Outside in Japanese Self, Society, and Language. Princeton University Press, 1994.

6.2 Being Inside: Uchi Dynamics
1. The quotation is from Rosenberger, Nancy. "Indexing Hierarchy through Japanese Gender Relations" in Situated Meaning: Inside and Outside in Japanese Self, Society, and Language, Jane Bachnik, and Charles J. Quinn, Jr., eds. Princeton University Press, 1994. As this book focuses on uchi/soto, other chapters may be useful as well.
2. Doi, Takeo. The Anatomy of Dependence. Kodansha 1971. A classic on Japanese interpersonal relationships by a well-known psychiatrist.
3. Hamabata, Matthews M. “Marriage” (Chapter 6) Crested Kimono: Power and Love in the Japanese Family Enterprise. Cornell University Press, 1991.
4. Taketeru Yoshitaka . "Taciturnity". In Japan from the Driver's Seat. (under "Guest Essays")
Part 3: Growing Pains. . . and Gains

Module 7: Entering the Family
7.1. Being a Good Guest
(See Module 4.2 readings)

7.3 Understanding the Family
1. Hamabata, Matthews M. Crested Kimono: Power and Love in the Japanese Business Family. Cornell University Press, 1991. A very human, extended-case focus on elite Japanese business-family households.
2. Van de Wetering, Jan. Inspector Saito’s Small Satori. Ballantine Books, 1986. A series of linked mystery stories depicting family settings.
3. Whispers of the Heart (Mimi o Sumaseba, lit. If you listen closely). screenplay by Miyazaki, Hayao. Studio Ghibli / Tokuma Shoten Publishing / NTV Broadcasting, 1995. This VHS/DVD Anime shows the family life of a 13 year old girl, in the midst of writing a novel.

Module 8: Navigating Uchi:
8.2 Uchi Hazards
1. Kondo, Dorinne K. "Disciplined Selves", (Chapter 3) in Crafting Selves. University of Chicago Press, 1990.
2. Oh, Sadaharu and David Falkner. Sadaharu Oh: A Zen Way of Baseball. Times Books, 1984.
3. Cash, Mike. "Freezing in Hirosaki". Japan from the Driver's Seat. (under "Essays")
4. Mr. Baseball, Universal Pictures, 1992, stars Tom Selleck as a baseball player who joins the Chunichi Dragons in Japan and discovers he has to change his ways. 1992. (DVD)

8.3 You Can't Escape Uchi
1. Hamabata, Matthews M. "Marriage", (Chapter 6) in Crested Kimono: Power and Love in the Japanese Business Family. Cornell University Press, 1991.
2. Kondo, Dorinne K. “Circles of Attachment”, (Chapter 4) in Crafting Selves. University of Chicago Press, 1990. Other chapters are also useful, especially 6 and 8.

8.4 Messages You Can Rely On
1. Brenneis, Donald L. and Fred R. Myers, eds. Dangerous Words: Language and Politics in the Pacific. New York University Press, 1984. A collection of articles which show that "wrapping", formality, and indirect speech are common in languages across Asia and the Pacific.

Module 9: Deepening contact
9.2 Meeting the "Rest of the Family"
1. Hamabata, Matthews M. "Death", (Chapter 4) in Crested Kimono: Power and Love in the Japanese Business Family. Cornell University Press, 1991. This chapter makes the ancestors a very approachable subject.
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Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5